Optimization of steel moment frames with panel-zone design using an adaptive differential evolution
Optimization of steel moment frames has been widely studied in the literature without considering shear deformation of panel-zones which is well-known to decrease the load-carrying capacity and increase the drift of structures. In this paper, a robust method for optimizing steel moment frames is developed in which the panel-zone design is considered by using doubler plates. The objective function is the total cost of beams, columns, and panel-zone reinforcement. The strength and serviceability constraints are evaluated by using a direct design method to capture the nonlinear inelastic behaviors of the structure. An adaptive differential evolution algorithm is developed for this optimization problem. The new algorithm is featured by a self-adaptive mutation strategy based on the p-best method to enhance the balance between global and local searches. A five-bay five-story steel moment frame subjected to several load combinations is studied to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method. The numerical results also show that panel-zone design should be included in the optimization process to yield more reasonable optimum designs.
direct design; differential evolution; optimization; panel-zone; steel frame.
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