Prediction of axial strength in circular steel tube confined concrete columns using artificial intelligence

  • Ngoc-Tri Ngo Faculty of Project Management, The University of Danang - University of Science and Technology, 54 Nguyen Luong Bang street, Lien Chieu district, Danang city, Vietnam
  • Thi-Phuong-Trang Pham Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Danang - University of Technology and Education, 48 Cao Thang street, Hai Chau district, Danang city, Vietnam
  • Le Hoang An NTT Hi-Tech Institute, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, 300A Nguyen Tat Thanh street, District 4, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam
  • Quang-Trung Nguyen Faculty of Project Management, The University of Danang - University of Science and Technology, 54 Nguyen Luong Bang street, Lien Chieu district, Danang city, Vietnam
  • Thi-Thao-Nguyen Nguyen Faculty of Project Management, The University of Danang - University of Science and Technology, 54 Nguyen Luong Bang street, Lien Chieu district, Danang city, Vietnam
  • Van-Vu Huynh Faculty of Project Management, The University of Danang - University of Science and Technology, 54 Nguyen Luong Bang street, Lien Chieu district, Danang city, Vietnam

Abstract

In recent years, together with the boom of the industrial revolution 4.0, terms such as artificial intelligence (AI) are gradually gaining popularity engineering domain. This study proposed a number of AI models for predicting the axial strength in circular steel tube confined concrete (STCC) columns. Particularly, artificial neural networks (ANNs), support vector regression (SVR), linear regression (LR), and M5P were applied in this study. This study applied 136 samples of short and intermediate STCC columns infilled with normal strength concrete, high strength concrete, or ultimate high strength concrete to evaluate the AI models. Compressive strengths of concrete cylinders was ranged from 23.20 Mpa to 188.10 Mpa. The AI models were assessed by statistical indexes including MAPE, MAE, RMSE, and R. The analytical results revealed that the M5P the most effective AI model comparing to others. Comparing with the other models, predicted data obtained by the M5P model show the highest agreement with the actual data in predicting the axial strength of STCC columns. Particularly, the MAPE and R of M5P models were 10.62% and 0.977 respectively. Similarly, the RMSE by the M5P model was 330.38 kN which is the lowest value among 419.39 kN by the LR model, 337.84 kN by the ANNs model, and 857.11 kN by the SVR model. Therefore, the M5P model can be considered as a useful tool to accurately predict the compressive capacity of the STCC columns.

Keywords:

artificial intelligence; circular steel tube confined concrete columns; axial strength; support vector regression.

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Published
27-04-2021
How to Cite
Ngo, N.-T., Pham, T.-P.-T., An, L. H., Nguyen, Q.-T., Nguyen, T.-T.-N., & Huynh, V.-V. (2021). Prediction of axial strength in circular steel tube confined concrete columns using artificial intelligence. Journal of Science and Technology in Civil Engineering (STCE) - NUCE, 15(2), 113-126. https://doi.org/10.31814/stce.nuce2021-15(2)-10
Section
Research Papers